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Bjorn Lomborg

Get the facts straight

9 Oct2018

Permettre aux filles de maîtriser leur destin

Published by Le Quotidien D' Oran

À la loterie de la vie, naître femme dans un pays pauvre vous expose à un double handicap. Dans les pays pauvres, le nombre de personnes pauvres est plus important chez les femmes que dans tout autre groupe démographique, et les femmes y sont aussi en moins bonne santé, ont plus difficilement accès à l’éducation, et ont plus de chance d’être victimes de violences. L’inégalité des sexes – résultant de la discrimination au travail et des inégalités de rémunération – coûte au monde l’équivalent exorbitant de 15,5 % du PIB global. En refusant aux femmes les possibilités de déployer leurs talents...

16 Aug2018

A Better World Is Here

Published by Project Syndicate

It’s very easy to form the view that the modern world is coming apart. We are constantly confronted with an onslaught of negativity: frightening headlines, alarming research findings, and miserable statistics. There are indeed many things on the planet that we should be greatly concerned about. But fixating on horror stories means that we miss the bigger picture. The United Nations focuses on three categories of development: social, economic, and environmental. In each category, looking back over the last quarter-century, we have far more reason for cheer than fear. Indeed, this period has...

1 Aug2018

Improving state finances by reducing power losses

Published by Mint

Inadequate and poor-quality power supply means frequent interruptions, poor voltage levels, and dissatisfied consumers across much of the country. Adding up all the losses in the system—including the losses due to energy dissipated in conductors, transformers and other equipment, along with pilferage by those who bypass meters, and losses from failure to recover the amount billed to consumers—India’s total energy losses came to 24% in 2015-16, significantly more than international norms. This, however, is an improvement on 2003-04 when the losses were 38%. Progress was made because of...

18 Jul2018

Let There Be More Than Light

Published by Project Syndicate

For the well-off in both rich and poor countries around the world, lives are enriched by plentiful access to energy that provides light, fresh food, and clean water, and that powers technology and allows the ability to control the temperature. Abundant energy provides the same life-transforming labor as hundreds of servants: Without a refrigerator, we would need to locate fresh food daily, store shelves would be half-empty, and a lot of food would go bad before we could eat it – one reason why, in 1930, stomach cancer was the leading cancer in the United States. Without synthetic fertilizer,...

17 Jul2018

Early childhood is when education makes the biggest difference, calling for quality preschool programmes

Published by Times of India

Early childhood programmes have long been shown to create improvements that last a lifetime. Whether by instilling good habits or by encouraging a passion for learning, early exposure to learning cuts drop-out rates in later schooling, and generates measurable improvements to the productivity and income of adults. The Integrated Child Development Scheme, initiated in 1975 on a pilot basis, has now grown to include 1.3 million Anganwadi centres across the country – one of the largest initiatives of its kind in the world for children under the age of six. But the big challenge for India is to...

19 Jun2018

Which Anti-Poverty Policies Work?

Published by Project Syndicate

Some policies seem so altruistic that it is almost impossible to imagine any objection to them. For example, lending small amounts of money or writing off debts to help the extreme poor are intended to help the most vulnerable, and both approaches seem entirely sensible. However, scrutiny reveals these well-intentioned policies to be misguided. Around a decade ago, NGOs, international organizations, and philanthropists trumpeted microcredit as a silver bullet that would end extreme poverty. The United Nations designated 2005 as the International Year of Microcredit, and when the Nobel Peace...

16 Jun2018

The cost of easing access to electricity

Published by The Financial Express

Access to electricity is critical for a modern economy, and a key driver of social and economic development. Lighting, health, education, productivity, labour participation, enterprise development and income generation, all improve when households are provided with access. In India, rural areas had electrification rates of 74% compared to 97% in urban areas in 2016. The Union Government of India has launched several programmes to close gaps in electricity access, such as the Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana, the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana, and most recently, the Saubhagya...

16 Jun2018

Burgeoning Indian cities need infrastructure development to keep pace with growth

Published by The Economic Times

Cities are, in many ways, the future of India. The number of metropolitan cities with a population higher than one million jumped from 35 in 2001 to 50 in 2011, and is expected to reach 87 by 2031. Today, 40 crore people call an Indian metropolis home. That will double by 2050. This swift growth places huge pressure on infrastructure. A March 2011 report by a high-powered expert committee chaired by Isher Judge Ahluwalia (goo.gl/r5ZLM3) found that the duration of water supply in Indian.

3 Jun2018

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana: The arithmetics of housing for all

Published by The Economic Times

n 2014, GoI set out to improve housing conditions for the urban poor, and launched the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban), a housing for all (HFA) by 2022 scheme. There are three possible paths to achieve this goal, some approaches stronger than others. Analysis by Amitabh Kundu of the Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, and Arjun Kumar of the Institute of Human Development (IHD), New Delhi (goo.gl/hBHskT and goo.gl/pGp8F6) also prompt the broader question as to whether non-housing policies may better help the urban poor. The first approach examined is...

31 May2018

Why cancelling the LPG subsidy is a poor option

Published by Hindustan Times

Air pollution kills more than 16 lakh people in India every year — more than smoking, malnutrition or even a lack of water and sanitation. And while the toxic soup of outdoor air pollution over Delhi and many other cities rightly gets a lot of attention, indoor air pollution from household cooking and heating with biomass fuels kills almost as many, or about eight lakh people, every year. A majority of rural households continue to use biomass (such as wood and cow dung) as their primary cooking fuel. Various measures have promoted cooking with LPG, a significantly cleaner fossil fuel. An LPG...

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